Feeding the worms

The types of food you can put into your compost bin are fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, tea bags, and crushed egg shells. Limited amounts of breads and starchy foods are okay, but avoid citrus and onions because they can be too harsh for worms. Dairy, meat, or anything oily should not be added because it will cause the bin to stink. If you just stick to fruits and vegetables with enough bedding, the bin won’t have any smell at all.

Feed the worms gradually until you get an idea of how much they eat. Worms eat about half their weight in food everyday, so a pound of worms could eat 3-4 pounds of food in a week. (The worms are feeding on the microorganisms on the food, not the food itself.)  Feeding lightly and often will produce more worms.

Add more cardboard, shredded newspaper, hay, or other fibrous material once a month, or as needed.

How do you harvest worm castings.

Put on rubber gloves, and move any large un-composted vegetable matter to one side. Then, with your gloved hands, gently scoop a section of worms and compost mixture onto a brightly lit piece of newspaper or plastic wrap. Scrape off the compost in layers. Wait a while giving the worms time to burrow into the center of the mound. Eventually you will end up with a pile of compost next to a pile of worms. Use your fresh compost in the garden or where ever it is needed and return the worms to the bin.


Did You Know?

Red wigglers don't have eyes and breathe through their skin.

Having two sex organs, you can breed them even if you only have one worm.

Red wigglers will generally eat their own weight daily.

Most worms probably live and die within the same year. However they are said to double every 90 days.