Companion Planting Table

 

 

Companion planting is not a new idea to the gardening world. There is evidence of farmers using these same techniques dating back to ancient Roman times. Many people are familiar with the idea of planting the "Three Sisters," a Native American technique that combines corn, squash, and beans. These are time-tested planting methods that some dismiss as old wives tales. They would rather plant in organized, monoculture plots that tend to have the same appearance as different color cars parked in a mall parking lot.

By planting only one crop or separating crop by type, you are actually creating a situation that requires a dependence on pesticides or herbicides, organic or not. If you examine a wooded forest lot or a marsh that has not been infringed upon by humans, you will see an interrelated system that works in natural harmony within itself. There are bugs that feed the birds, small mammals that maintain a manageable level of ground growth, and larger mammals that manage the level of smaller ones; the system requires no external inputs. This is the type of environment that can be created in one's garden space, making it harmonious for the birds and the bees, while providing a peaceful retreat for family and friends to enjoy.

A companion planting plan integrates Mother Nature's traits as well as your choice of crops. Some underlying techniques in companion planting include:

 

 

Plant  Companion(s) and Effects
Asparagus  Tomatoes, parsley, basil
Basil  Tomatoes (improves growth & flavor); said to dislike rue; repels flies & mosquitoes
Bean  Potatoes, carrots, cucumbers, cauliflower, cabbage, summer savory, most other veggies & herbs
Bean (bush) Sunflowers (beans like partial shade, unless you live up north, sunflowers attract birds & bees for pollination), cucumbers (combination of heavy and light feeders), potatoes, corn, celery, summer savory
Bee Balm  Tomatoes (improves growth & flavor).
Beet  Onions, kohlrabi
Borage  Tomatoes (attracts bees, deters tomato worm, improves growth & flavor), squash, strawberries
Cabbage Family (broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, kohlrabi)  Potatoes, celery, dill, chamomile, sage, thyme, mint, pennyroyal, rosemary, lavender, beets, onions; aromatic plants deter cabbage worms
Caraway  Loosens soil; plant here and there
Carrot  Peas, lettuce, chives, onions, leeks, rosemary, sage, tomatoes
Catnip  Plant in borders; protects against flea beetles
Celery  Leeks, tomatoes, bush beans, cauliflower, cabbage
Chamomile  Cabbage, onions
Chervil  Radishes (improves growth & flavor).
Chive  Carrots; plant around base of fruit trees to discourage insects from climbing trunk
Corn  Potatoes, peas, beans, cucumbers, pumpkin, squash
Cucumber  Beans, corn, peas, radishes, sunflowers
Dead Nettle  Potatoes (deters potato bugs)
Dill  Cabbage (improves growth & health), carrots
Eggplant  Beans
Fennel  Most plants are supposed to dislike it.
Flax  Carrots, potatoes
Garlic  Roses & raspberries (deters Japanese beetle); with herbs to enhance their production of essential oils; plant liberally throughout garden to deter pests
Horseradish  Potatoes (deters potato beetle); around plum trees to discourage curculios
Hyssop  Cabbage (deters cabbage moths), grapes; keep away from radishes
Lamb's Quarters  Nutritious edible weeds; allow to grow in modest amounts in the corn
Leek  Onions, celery, carrots
Lemon Balm  Here and there in the garden
Marigold  The workhorse of pest deterrents; keeps soil free of nematodes; discourages many insects; plant freely throughout the garden.
Marjoram  Here and there in the garden
Mint  Cabbage family; tomatoes; deters cabbage moth
Nasturtium  Tomatoes, radish, cabbage, cucumbers; plant under fruit trees; deters aphids & pests of curcurbits
Onion  Beets, strawberries, tomato, lettuce (protects against slugs), beans (protects against ants), summer savory
Parsley  Tomato, asparagus
Pea  Squash (when squash follows peas up trellis), plus grows well with almost any vegetable; adds nitrogen to the soil
Petunia  Protects beans; beneficial throughout garden
Potato  Horseradish, beans, corn, cabbage, marigold, limas, eggplant (as a trap crop for potato beetle)
Pot Marigold  Helps tomato, but plant throughout garden as deterrent to asparagus beetle, tomato worm & many other garden pests
Pumpkin  Corn
Radish  Peas, nasturtium, lettuce, cucumbers; a general aid in repelling insects
Rosemary  Carrots, beans, cabbage, sage; deters cabbage moth, bean beetles & carrot fly
Rue  Roses & raspberries; deters Japanese beetle; keep away from basil
Sage  Rosemary, carrots, cabbage, peas, beans; deters some insects
Soybean  Grows with anything; helps everything
Spinach  Strawberries
Squash  Nasturtium, corn
Strawberry  Bush beans, spinach, borage, lettuce (as a border)
Summer Savory  Beans, onions; deters bean beetles
Sunflower  Cucumber
Tansy  Plant under fruit trees; deters pests of roses & raspberries; deters flying insects, also Japanese beetles, striped cucumber beetles, squash bugs; deters ants
Tarragon  Good throughout garden
Thyme  Here and there in garden; deters cabbage worm
Tomato  Chives, onion, parsley, asparagus, marigold, nasturtium, carrot, limas
Valerian  Good anywhere in garden
Wormwood  As a border, keeps animals from the garden
Yarrow  Plant along borders, near paths, near aromatic herbs; enhances essential oil production of herbs